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VIRGINIA IN 1667-69. 247 

Proceedings hereupon shall be construed or taken to prejudice 
shorten or determine the Estate for Life of the said Office 
granted to you by our abovesaid Letters Patents: And we do 
hereby further declare our Will and Pleasure to be, that our 
Commission bearing Date the Sixth Day of December one 
thousand Six hundred and Seventy Nine do from henceforth 
cease determine and utterly be Void. In Witness whereof we 
have caused these Our Letters to be made Patents Witness Our 
self at Westminster the twentieth Seventh Day of November in 
the four and Twentieth Year of our Reign. 
By Writ of Privy Seal. 

(to be continued.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1669. 

(Abstracts by \V. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald and De 
Jarnette Papers, Virginia State Library. ) 


Affidavit of the Merchant of the Handmaid, Lately 
Arrived from Virginia. 

[About August, 1667.] 

That Captain Lightfoot of H. M. Ship Elizabeth had a 
day's notice of the four Dutch ships coming into James River : 
had he gone to the assistance of Capt. Conway, who fought 
them six hours, the Enemy's ships might have been taken, 
but he went to a wedding with a wench he took over from 
England, the Elizabeth which was burnt by the Enemy, fired 
but one gun. 

(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

248 virginia historical magazine. 

Sam Tucker to Secretary Lord Arlington. 

Sept. 2, 1667. 

Four Zealand men of war and one fire ship have taken six- 
teen sail of merchantmen in Virginia and four more vessels 
on their return. More damage is feared in vessels yet to 
come from Virginia and Barbadoes, the Dutch having many 
ships in the West to look out for them and the time being 
long before hostilities cease in the Channel. 

(Domestic Charles, II, Vol. 216, No. 20.) 

CArrAiN Silas Taylor to Secretary Williamson. 

Harwich, Sept. 28, 1667. 

Begs he will further his affairs in Virginia business. Pro- 
poses to be constituted Engineer for fortifying all the rivers 
and Colony of Virginia, as may be thought necessary, and 
to have £200 a year secured to him for the employment to be 
raised out of the moneys or tobacco paid on each County in 
Virginia to the maintenance of the Government It would be 
a livelihood of greater certainty than his present one. 

(Domestic Charles, II, Vol. 218, No. 26.) 

John Lysle to Secretary Williamson. 

West Cowes, Oct. 19, 1667. 

The Prince William on Horseback from Flushing, Solo- 
man Lesage, Commander, which committed the exploits at 
Virginia, has arrived, and is ordered to convoy several Dutch 
and French ships bound to France. 

(Domestic Charles, II, Vol. 220, No. 77.) 

virginia in 1667-69. 249 

Report on the Representation of the Governor and 
Council of Virginia. 

Oct. 30, 1667. 

Report of [Lords Committee of Council for Plantation Af- 
fairs] upon the Representation of the Governor and Council 
of Virginia, delivered by Colonel Moryson and the Answer 
of Lord Baltimore, Lord and Proprietary of Maryland, con- 
cerning, a Treaty of Cessation from planting Tobacco for a 
year, between Virginia and Maryland — referring to their 
previous Report of 25 Nov., 1664, when it was ordered in 
Council that there should be no Cessation, stint or limitation 
imposed on the planting of Tobacco in those Colonies. 

[N. B. — This Report is full of alterations & corrections and 
appears to have originally stood as an Order ratifying the 
above mentioned Order of 25 Nov., 1664, and confirming 
the same, but this last paragraph is entirely struck out.] 

(Colonial Papers, 2 pp.) 

[Representation 1 of the Governor and Council of Vir- 
ginia to the King and Privy Council in Regard to 
the Capture of Merchantmen by the Dutch 
Fleet, 1667.] 

[Printed Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, IV, 

l See this Magazine, IV, 229-240, for other papers on the capture or 
destruction of many merchantmen in Hampton Roads. It was in this 
year of England's deepest degredation that a Dutch fleet entered the 
Thames and Med way and for several weeks threatened London. The 
plague had devastated the city in 1665, followed in 1666 by the great fire 
and one of the most violent and destructive storms ever known. 

As appears from Ludwell's letter which follows, the year 1667 was as 
melancholy in Virginia as in England. 

250 virginia historical magazine. 

Thomas Ludwfxl to Lord Berkeley of Stratton 2 . 


[The copyist of this paper has not given the office refer- 

Virginia, November 4th, 1667. 
Right Hon'ble 

We have been soe long here without any Intelligence Di- 
rectly from England that we are not only troubled that we 
know not the reason of it, but afraid when we doe know it 
that we shall find it to proceed either from some distresse of 
the nation or from some misfortune happened or to happen 
to this poor Country which is now reduced to a very miser- 
able condition by a continual course of misfortunes, through 
as much of this yeare as have passed for in the beginning 
of it my Lord Baltimore at one Stroke lop'd from us our present 
& future hopes of the benefit of a Cessation, 3 in the April fol- 
lowing we had a most prodigious Storm of hail many of them 
as big as Turkey Eggs which destroyed most of our younge 
Mast and fruit, and forward English grain brake all the 
glass windowes and beat holes through the tiles of our houses, 
killed many young hogs and cattle, on the fifth of June fol- 
lowing came the Dutch upon us and did so much mischief 
that we shall never recover our reputations since we lost the 
first opportunity by the backwardness of some of our Masters 
of Ships they were not gone before it fell to raining and con- 
tinued for 40 dayes together which spoiled much of what the 
hail had left of our English graine. But on the 27th of Au- 
gust followed the most dreadful hurricane that ever this 
country groaned under, it lasted 24 hours began at North 
East and went round northerly till it came to West and so 
on till it came to South East where it ceased it was accompa- 

' Lord Berkeley of Stratton, a favorite of Charles II, and brother to 
Sir William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia. 

'The cessation of tobacco planting was much desired in Virginia as a 
means of raising the price. 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-69. 251 

nied with a most violent rain but no thunder the night of it 
was the most Dismall tyme that ever I know or heard off, 
for the wind and rain raised so confused a noise mixt with 
the continual cracks of falling houses and the murmer of 
the waves impetuously beaten against the shores and by that 
violence forced and as it were crowded up into all Creekes 
Rivers and Bays to that prodigious height that it hazarded the 
drowning of many people who lived not in sight of the Rivers 
yet were then forced to climb to the top of their houses to 
keep themselves above water carryed all the foundations of 
the fort at Point Comfort into the river and most of our 
Timber which was very chargeably brought thither to perfect 
it, had it been finished and a Garrison in it they had been 
stormed by such an enemy as no power but God's can restrain 
and in all likelyhood drowned, so that had the lightening 
accompanied it we should have believed nothing else from such 
a Confusion but that all the Elements were at strife which of 
them should doe most towards the reduction of the Creation 
into a second Chaos, it was wonderful to consider the con- 
trary effects of that storm, for it blew some ships from their 
Anchors and carried them safe over shelves of sand where a 
Wherry could difficulty pass, and yet knockt out the bottom 
of a ship belonging to Col. Scarbrough (ready to sail for 
England) in eight foot water more than she drew, but when 
the morning came, and the sun arisen it would have com- 
forted us (or any else) after such a night had it not withall 
lighted us to ruins of our Plantations, of which I think not 
one escaped, the nearest computation is at least 10000 houses 
blown down all the Indian Grain laid flat upon the ground 
all the Tobacco in the fields torn to pieces and most of that 
which was in the houses perished with them, the fences about 
the corn fields either blown down or beaten to the ground by 
trees which fell upon them and before the owners could re- 
pair them the hogs and cattle got in and in most places de- 
voured much of what the Storm had left and in many places 
all so that we are at once threatened with the sword of the 
enemy returning upon us with extreme wants of provision 


by the Storm and of cloathes, ammunition and other neces- 
saries by the absence of the ships, against the first of which 
we are providing as well as we can, the last Assembly having 
voted five forts of eight guns to each fort to be built before 
the last of April next concluding that if they should build but 
one at James Town the shipps must necessarily ride all under 
it and consequently all the remoter parts would be left with- 
out Trade which would be true enough So that the Governor 
finding them much more willing to divide themselves into 
Associations, and each Division to build its fort at their own 
charge would press them no further for one at James Town 
only. Soe the 3 Counties at mouth of Potomac river build 
one at the mouth of Yohocomico river* a secure harbour and 
not 200 Yards wide at the mouth and so difficult that they 
must warp into it. The 2 counties in Rapahanck River 
build one at the mouth of Corotoman 5 a harbour like the 
other, the 3 Counties on York river one at Tindal Point 6 a 
very good place though not so secure as the other 2 the lower 
5 Counties on James river build one at a very convenient 
point at Nanzemond 7 river where the Channel is as narrow 
as any of the former and the four upper counties build one 
of 14 guns at James Town which though it be upon the main 
river yet it being a secure bold shore shipps may hale so near 
that our Enemy will I hope find it a difficult piece of work 
to carry any of. Having thus far given your Honour the 
present state of this country I shall now inform your Lord- 
ship that though we were indifferently well furnished with 

4 Yeocomico in Westmoreland county. 

* It is probable that the harbor here referred to was not actually in the 
mouth of Corotoman River, but in Carter's Creek, which enters the 
Rappahannock near by. In this creek at the modern Irvington is a har- 
bor so surrounded by land that it almost resembles a lake, and is yet 
easily accessible. 

• The present Gloucester Point. 

'The Nansemond fort was to be built on Mr. Hough's (pronounced 
HuS) plantation, probably at the place known as Huff's Point. 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-69. 253 

ammunition to defend the County yet some of that perished 
by the Storm there being few houses tite against it and being 
to defend these forts when built it were necessary that we 
had a greater quantity brought us and fearing lest the King's 
displeasure may take from us all hopes of any future assist- 
ance from him I do most humbly beseech your honour on the 
country's behalf that you will be pleased to make a Motion 
to His Majesty in Council that no ship may be permitted to 
come but on Condition that they bring us amongst them 60 or 
70 barrels of powder and as many rundletts of shot and 5 or 
6 hundred Culverings Demiculvers Sacre and nimion Shot to 
be paid for here this is necessary if the war continue as I do 
but too much feare it by the long stay of the Ships and it is 
Charity to assist the distressed which we cannot doubt from 
your Lordship having already received many great favours 
from you I hope it will appear to His Majesty that it was not 
from any neglect of his commands that the last misfortunes 
fell on His Majesty us and our countrymen but from our 
being remanded from our first Councells of fortifying wherein 
I am confident His Majesty was surprised by all the Bristow 
[Bristol] men which brought us so behindhand with a fort 
at Point Comfort a place which (let Bristow men say what 
they please) could not have prevented their loss, for I myself 
was at the Sounding of the Channel into the river and found 
no less than 15 foot water in about a mile from the point at a 
low water which is 17 foot at high water which is more than 
a Dutch Ship of 40 pieces of ordnance draws and in a mile's 
ran they are passed danger of which I wrote to Your Lord- 
ship at large by the Fleet which I hope long ere this is come 
to your hands or else we are much more unhappy than we 
yet think ourselves I shall therefore say no more of it at pres- 
ent but shall humbly beseech Your Honour to favour us for 
much that (if our papers are misarranged) the Bristow men 
may not take that advantage of us as to have their Complaint 
heard before we can send Duplicates of our Defence and may 
God for ever bless and prosper Your Honour with all hap- 
piness and me with opportunity & power to do you service 


in some measure proportioned to the favours I have received 
from your Honour. 
I am, Right Hon'ble 

Your Lordships most obedient humble Servant 

Tho: Ludwell. 

I have much to inform Your Lordship concerning your 
plantations! but being surprised by the sudden departure of 
this ship I must beg Yr Lordships patience till the next and 
then I will put it in a letter by itself. 

Lord Barcley of Stretton. 

A true Copy. Teste: Wm. Davis. 

Governor Berkeley to Lord Arlington, 1667. 


November 11, 1667. 

Governor Sir W. Berkeley to [Secretary Lord Arlington]. 
Would not be thought so negligent as to let any ship leave 
the Colony without writing. In great want of powder and 
great shot. Desires that no ship may be permitted to come 
hither without bringing ten or twenty barrels of powder, they 
paying for it 50 pr. ct. more than it cost in England. Are 
building five small Forts. A mighty wind on 27 Aug. de- 
stroyed four fifths of their tobacco and corn and blew down 
in two hours fifteen thousand houses in Virginia and Mary- 
land. The New England men with joy and confidence relate 
that England is like to fall into a Civil War &c. 

Indorsed. Read at the Committee 7 March, i667(-8). 
Read at the Council 14 March, i667(-8). 

(Colonial Papers, 2 pp.) 

t This refers to North Carolina of which Berkeley was one of the pro- 

virginia in 1667-69. 255 

William Jones to James Hickes. 

Virginia, May 8, 1668. 

William Jones to James Hickes at the Post Office in Lon- 
don. The storms and floods last year made great destruction 
in Virginia and Maryland so that most ships now in the 
Country will be necessitated to stay till next Season for want 
of freight. 

Indorsed by Sec. Williamson. Rec. July 8. 

(Colonial Papers, 1/2 p.) 

Owen Lloyd to Robert Francis. 


May 15, 1668. 

Ow: Lloyd to his son in law Robert Francis at Whitehall. 
Begs his assistance with his master the Lord Keeper for the 
bearer Mr. Lushington who has suffered very much injustice 
at the hands of some of the Governor's ill ministers who have 
too much influence upon him, whereby the current of justice 
is obstructed. 

(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

Thomas Ludwell to [Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson]. 


Virginia, July 20, 1668. 

His last letters were delivered by John Pate, 8 a gentleman 
of this Country. Believe themselves very unfortunate in the 

8 Richard Pate was a member of the House of Burgesses for Glou- 
cester county at the session of July, 1653. On December 12, 
entered 1,141 acres on the north side of York River (in Gloucester 


overthrow of their cessation — last year ioo ships were laden 
with tobacco and left as much behind — this year not less than 
80, of which thirty ships carried all the new tobacco left by 
the storm in August last. Arguments. in favor of a cessation 
[from planting tobacco for a year]. They have five forts 
finished for which they want at least 40 pieces of ordnance: 
those out of the burnt frigate spoilt by fire and are not able 
to buy others. Defers writing on many subjects until the 
Governor waits on him next spring. 
(Colonial Papers, 2 pp.) 

county), and died in 1657, when bis nephew, John Pate, qualified as his 
administrator. (Neill's Virginia Carolorum. 368 ) 

John Pate, of Gloucester county, referred to in the text, was a man of 
prominence and a large landholder. In addition to land inherited, and 
any he may have bought, he had the following grants: (1) John Pate, 
1,000 acres in Rappahannock county, on the south side of the main 
swamp of Mr. Andrew Gilson's land, December 31, 1663; (2) John 
Pate, 1,000 acres in Potomac freshes, viz : 500 about Piscataway, adjoin- 
ing the land of Edward Williams, and the other 500 on the north side of 
the said creek, formerly granted to Edward Williams, Sr., and Edward 
Williams, Jr., June 5, 1658, and by them deserted and now granted to 
Pate, December 31, 1662 ; (3) Mr. John Pate, 200 acres on the north side 
of York River in Gloucester on the east side of Poropotank Creek, ad- 
joining land formerly granted to Mr. Jernew and the lands of William 
Ginsey and said Pate, formerly granted to Michael Grafton, November 
2, 1658, and by him deserted, and now granted to Pate, December 31, 
1662; (4) Mr. John Pate, 300 acres of land in Gloucester county on a 
branch of Ware River on Mockjack Bay, " the branch thatcometh up by 
Robin Hood's Well," mentioned as one of the boundary lines, said lnnd 
formerly granted to Mordecai Cooke, March 31, 1662, and by him de- 
serted, and now granted to Pate, March 22, 1665-66; (5) Mr. John Pate 
and Mr. Robert Beverley 6,000 acres on the north side of Mattopony 
River, adjoining the land of said Beverley, granted July 15, 1669, for the 
transportation of 125 persons, including John Pate, Jeremy Taylor, 
Thomas Starling-, Alexander Hunton, and 13 negroes; (6) Mr. John 
Pate, 1,200 acres in Rappahannock county, on the north side of Gil- 
son's Creek, adjoining lands of Robert Beverley and Thomas Button, 
July 15, 1669. 

John Pate was appointed a J. P. for Gloucester in 1660, and a member 
of the Council in 1670, In a record of the General Court, November 28, 
1681, it is ordered that as John Pate, Esq., died possessed of a consider- 

virginia in i667-69. 257 

Privy Council to Governor Berkeley. 

Whitehall, November n, 1668. 

Lords of the Privy Council to Gov. Sir Wm. Berkeley. To 
examine into the case of the petition of Daniel Farracks 
[Farvacks?] of London Merchant claiming a debt of up- 
wards of £700 from Edmund Scarborough for goods fur- 
nished to him for his Plantation. 

(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

Secretary Lord Arlington to Governor Berkeley. 

Whitehall, November 23, 1668. 

Secretary Lord Arlington to Gov. Sir Wm. Berkeley. 
Recommending to his just favor and protection Daniel Far- 
vacks who has long had a considerable debt owing to him by 
one Scarborough an inhabitant of the Colony. Refers him 
to the letter from the Lords of the Council of nth Inst, and 
particularly recommends him to procure full and speedy satis- 
faction as is fit and indicate the justice of his Government 
which would be much reflected on should this debtor's inso- 
lence and oppression pass without a severe correction. 

(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

able estate in this country, and his wife being out of the country, Mr. 
Thomas Pate, his brother's son, should be granted administration. In 
March, 1682-83, an inventory and appraisement of the personal estate 
of John Pate, Esq.. was returned to the General Court. It was valued 
at £1, 22i. 1 1.1 1 sterling, and, in addition, the tobacco crop, 23,714 pounds. 
Col. Thomas Pate was a justice for Gloucester in 1681. 

The Abingdon parish (Gloucester) register gives, among other chil- 
dren of Thomas and Elizabeth Pate, a son Matthew, baptized February 
20, 1686. He married Anne Reade, daughter of Frances Reade, and 
had several sons and daughters who have numerous descendants. (See 
William and Maty Quarterly, V, 279; XII, 119, 120.) 

258 virginia historical magazine. 

Petition of Proprietors of the Northern Neck, i668(?). 


Petition of Henry Earl of St. Alban, John Lord Berkeley 
T>aron of Stratton, Sir Win. Moreton and John Trethewy. 
Assignee of the late Lord Hopton to the King. In 1649 the 
King by letters Patent granted them all that Territory bounded 
by the Rivers of Rappahannock and Patowemeck and Qui- 
riough and the courses of those Rivers and Chesapayocke Bay : 
after the restoration their Agent Sir Humphrey Hook and 
other eminent Citizens were molested by the Governor and 
Council of Virginia which being brought before the King in 
Council the Petitioners surrendered some of their privileges 
and on 8 May last a new Patent, with the consent of Mr. 
Morrison, was granted to them. Pray for letters to the Gov- 
ernor and Council of Virginia with command not to interrupt 
their Agents in planting and setling said Territories. 

(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

[The Warrant is dated 26 June 1667 for surrender & new 

Governor Berkeley 9 to Lord Arlington( ?), 1669. 

My most honor'd Lord 

I did this last spring resolve to make an Essay to doe his 
Matie. a memorable service w'ch was in the Company of 
Two hundred Gent who had engaged to goe along w'th me to 

9 Nothing is known of this exploring parly beyond what is stated in 
this letter. It is probable that Berkeley's scruples were intended to ex- 
cuse the failure of this attempt. There were no such scruples mentioned 
in 1643, when the Assembly authorized Walter Aston, Rice Hooe and 
others "to undertake the discovery of a new river or unknown land," 
{Hening, I, 262), nor in 1653, when William Claiborne, Henry Fleet and 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-69. 259 

find out the East India sea, and we had hopes that in our 
Journey we should have found some Mines of silver; for cer- 
taine it is that the Spaniard in the same degrees of latitude 
has found many But my Lord unusual and continued Raynes 
hindered my intentions nor can I in season be sorry for it 
thoughe I am of that age that requires that very little time 
should be mispent Yet I consider'd since; that thoughe the 
motives to this voyage were only ardent Intentions to doe 
his Ma'tie service Yet L had not his Ma'tie Commission to 
Justify so bold an undertaking to this I added the memory 
of the misfortune of S'r Walter Rawleight. But my Lord if 
his Ma'tie be pleased I shall prosecute this designe, and wil! 
send me his commission to doe it I shall this next spring goe 
w'th such a strength that shal secure me against al opposition 
whether of the Spaniards or Indians and my Lord if we meet 
w'th the Spaniards it will be in those Degrees of latitude w'ch 
his Ma'ties Predecessors have claymed thes foure score yeares 
and more my Lord. 

their associates were given the same authority. (Hening, I, 377, 381.) 
In 1656 Col. Thomas Dew and Capt. Thomas Francis were authorized to 
explore betwean Cape Hatteras and Cape Fear (Hening, I, 422), and in 
1660 Francis Hammond and his associates were allowed to make dis- 
coveries to the westward and southward. (Hening, I, 548.) Nothing is 
known of anything done under these commissions. 

On August 27, 1650, Edward Bland, Abraham Wood, Sackford Brews- 
ter and Elias Pennant left Fort Henry, on the Appomattox, and reached 
"the first river in New Britaine which runneth West [probably New 
River] 120 miles Southwest." An account of this was published in Lon- 
don the next year under the title, "The Discovery of New Britaine." 

In 1669 and 1670 John Lederer made several expeditions to the west- 
ern part of Virginia. His account was printed in 1672. In 167 1 Wood, 
Batt and others made a trip to the southwest. Two accounts, varying 
considerably in detail, have been printed. One in The Documents Re- 
lating to the Colonial History of the Slate of New York, III, 193-197, 
and the other, edited by Mr. D. I. Bushnell, Jr., in the American An- 
thropologist, IX. pp. 45-56. A third exploring party was sent out under 
the auspices of Major General Abraham Wood about April 10, 1673. 
An abbreviated copy of General Wood's account of this trip was pub- 
lished in the Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, America and Vvest In 
dies, 1669-74, pp. 604-607. 


My Lord the Gent that brings you this letter is one that 
has liv'd in this country and w'th many of his owne Regiment 
resolved to accompany me in this Expedition he is an under- 
standing a man as can be expected from one as has spent 
most of his time in a desert and if his Ma'tie please to divert 
himselfe by Asking questions of the nature posture and con- 
dition of his Collony I doubt not but he wil give his Ma'tie 
ful satisfaction this Gent who is cal'd Coll Parkes* I have de- 
sir'd to wait on your Ix>rds for your letter and commands 
w'ch I beseech you to let him have for every line of your 
lordships I lay up in my hart as an additional honor my 
lord I am 

Your Lordship's most humble and most obedient servant 

[signed] Will Berkeley. 

May 27, 1669. 

By this Mappe it should seeme that this Expedition is sup- 

pos'd more jaule [jolly ? ] and easy then I believe we shal 

find it. 


Virginia. Wm. Berkeley, May 27, '69. 

If his Maj'y please that hee renew his attempt to find out 
ye E. Ind : sea hee desires a Comm'n for it refers yo'r Lpp. to 
ye bearer. 

[No office reference is given by the copyist.] 

Secretary Thomas Ludwell to Secretary Sir Joseph 



Virginia, June 7, 1669. 
Thos. Ludwell, Secretary to Sec. [Sir Joseph Williamson?]. 

*Col. Daniel Parke, Sr., of York county; appointed to the Council, 
1665, and Secretary of State, 1678-79. 
See notes in regard to him this Magazine, XIII, 19a; XIV, 174. 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-69. £61 

Are in a very peaceable condition but are apprehensive of the 
French preparations for war. In great want of a supply of 
Artillery not one out of the burnt frigate endured the Trial, 
but also shot, as they cannot apparel their forts. Will write 
to Col. Moryson to wait upon him on this subject & others. 
All very joyful at the King's acceptance of their present of 
silk4 Sends all their new made laws and accounts of the 2/s. 
per Hogshead. Begs to be nominated to the Government in 
the Governor's absence who has solicited leave to go home. 

(Colonial Papers, 2 pp.) 

Governor Berkeley to Lord Arlington ( ?), 1669. 

My most honor'd Lord 

I and the Councel have receav'd w'th al dutiful and grate- 
ful acknowledgment the Gracious acceptance of his sacred 
Ma'tie of our present of silke: and have most of us layde up 
Vowes in our harts w'th our utmost endeavors so to improve 
our skil and industry in that exe'lent worke that we shal in 
ten yeares be able to make a farr greater present of it to his 
Ma'tie : for my owne part I dare professe to have knowledge 
enoughe in it to be able to learne more when it is shewed me 
and by the grace of god when I come into Europe I wil make 
a voyage into France or Italy to learne of those whose Ex- 
perience an' practice have enabled them to teach me. But 
this my lord I shal not be able to doe w'th out his Ma'ties 
gracious indulgence to me nor can I hope for that loyal indul- 
gence without your Lordshipps assistance and therefore doe 
humbly beg that you wil be pleas'd to present this Petition to 
his Ma'tie with such endearments as your Lordsh'ps Charity 
and Noble nature shal suggest to you to make for an old f aith- 

t A present of Virginia-made silk had been presented to Charles II, 
and worn by him in a robe. 


ful and ever loyal servant to his Ma'tie: from the salary of 
my place in seaven yeares I am not able to bring home so 
much as wil keepe me halfe a yeare in England and in truth 
my Lord if you please to enquire into it you wil find that my 
salary is farre lesse then the least governors in any I'land of 
America yet this Country yealds more revenue to his Ma'tie 
then al the Flands together But my Lord neither want nor 
merits shal ever be arguments to me for the Kings Royal 
Bounty, tis only fro. his Royal Magnanimity, and your lord- 
sh'pps mediation, that I expect and hope for my support and 
protection. My Lord I beg of you that you would favor me 
w'th one line that I may know you have receav'd this humble 

From your lordshipps Most humble and most Obedent 


June 12, 1669. [signed] Will: Berkeley. 



S'r W. Berkeley, June 12th, '69. 

accompanying his Pet'n. 

(Colonial Papers, Vols. 2, 4) 

(to be continued)